Having a strong neck, stiff tissue with a compliant tendon lowers concussion risk, when we have contact and stretch the muscle it will lengthen slowly transfer force reducing the acceleration. During lengthening the muscle dissipates force as heat, which in turn lowers the subconcussive forces protecting the athlete from sudden expected or unexpected movements. Having greater neck strength and/or stiffness upon impact reduces the magnitude of the head’s kinematic response.

Pendulum 5-Way Neck Machines