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A Women’s Advantage

In a normal population the self-selected hand position to produce maximal grip strength is about 30 degrees of wrist extension. When wrist extension dips below 25 degrees optimum power drops. For men when the wrist is extended the grip strength is greatest in a neutral position. As a male turns his palm upwards (supination) the application of force becomes less. In men and women both in a pronated hand down position the grip strength is the weakest. What is interesting; women (unlike men), when tested for grip strength, are equally strong in a neutral and supinated position.

A woman working out

The Pendulum Grip Cart

A woman working out

A woman working out

Undirected a women may choose to supinate her hand to achieve maximum force.


A Pulling Machine

A tremendously popular exercise to train the latissimus dorsi and associated muscles is the pulldown movement. Coaches, athletes, trainers and gym enthusiasts all use a variety of grips to target areas of the back that they want or need to...

Manual Training Has Rules

In 1979 Manual Resistance was introduced at the National  Strength and Conditioning Convention. Weight training’s ability to enhance athletic performance had become accepted and coaches were beginning to be hired by major sports programs. Facilities everywhere were extremely limited or...

Powerful Hands

The hand is a complex anatomical system. This appendage is composed of twenty seven bones and fifteen joints. Having 30 degrees of rotational and translational freedom it’s able to grasp and apply force to objects of multivarious shapes and sizes....