Questions? Ready to start your project? Contact Us

2.20.2016

Concussions And The Lower Body

The  American Journal of Sports Medicine recently published, “Concussion Increases Odds of Sustaining a Lower Extremity Musculoskeletal Injury After Return to Play Among Collegiate Athletes.”  Approximately one year prior to this article Medicine Science and Sports published, “Acute Lower Extremity Injury Rates Increase after Concussion in College Athletes.”  Both of the above studies found that their is an increased risk of a lower extremity musculoskeletal injury after a concussion.  A lower extremity injury can be considered anything from an ankle sprain, muscle pull, meniscus or knee. The risk is approximately 2 – 2 1/2 times greater than the controls in the studies who were without a history of being concussed.  This rise in incidence of injury was indicated to extend months post concussion regardless of whether playing football, soccer, hockey, softball, basketball, wrestling, or volleyball.

It is apparent that abnormalities in motor functioning after head trauma persist. These abnormalities are twice the norm.  In other words, it could be said that an athlete that has been concussed has a 100% greater chance of a lower extremity musculoskeletal injury after a concussion. Having a higher possibility is a signal to the coach that a particular athlete’s injury may not be attributed to atypical outcome of cause and effect and this significantly affects program design.  

describe the image

In a recent paper featured in the 2016 edition of Sports Health “Full-Contact Practice and Injuries in College Football,” researchers looked at athletic injuries, and correlated them with the weekly exposures to full-contact practices, total practices, formal scrimmages, and games. The pre-season injury rate was much higher than in-season, and the game injury rate was over six times greater than the practice rate; which for most coaches is understood without substantiation from the literature. What is of concern, and backs up the aforementioned studies is –“Concussions constituted 14.5% of all injuries, and the incidence of concussions correlated with the incidence of all injuries.”

Strength training the head, neck and jaw is an important addition in every sport. Concussive forces must be lowered to protect each athlete. Having a strength component as an integral part of the athletic trainers and physicians return-to-play protocol is not just to protect the concussed individual against further head trauma, but to guard against all types of athletic injuries.

describe the image

 Train the neck…..Get Strong.

related

All Five Fingers

Using a Power Grip on the Pendulum Rope Pull The hand has its greatest gripping strength when utilizing a ‘power grip’, that is squeezing with all five fingers. When the thumb is negated, grip strength has the second greatest capability...

Hip Engagement 

There are an abundance of techniques utilized and taught to target the hips when squatting. Ankle, hip and thoracic mobility, posture, quad dominance, bar weight, bar height, stance and form adjustments are just a few of the things coaches address....

Molecular Training

In 1919 Lange wrote a scientific treatise entitled ‘About functional adaptation’…Uber Funktionelle Anpassung.This is what he said: “…. If, however, the muscle performance is increased merely by working against the same resistance as before for a longer time, no increase...