The issues with the use of cell phones while driving is well documented and regulated. Many studies are now linking cellular technology overuse with sleep disturbances, anxiety, stress and to a lesser extent, depression and personality variables such as self-esteem, impulsivity, self-identity, and self-image.
Physicians, therapists, trainers and physical educators are becoming concerned that increased muscle activity in the neck–shoulder region when texting or surfing on a smartphone increases the risk of musculoskeletal disorders. It has clearly been shown that two-handed texting is associated with increased cervical flexion while one-handed texting was correlated with an asymmetric neck posture. Changes around the neck caused by forward head lean and/or increased cervical flexion with habitual texting is not favorable and presents spinal complications over time.
We may not be able to control or affect cellular usage in the population but, schools, coaches, personal trainers, gym owners, exercise physiologists and others can all effect how we view and strength train the head, neck and traps and scapula in our workout regimes. Inclusion of exercise for the cervical spine will decrease postural problems linked to constant use of this communication technology and is important for a healthy lifestyle.